Answers to Your Questions About Toxic Free Living

How Can I Keep My Food Cold?

Instructions at Instructables


Question from Holly

Hi Debra,

Thanks so much for helping me become such a conscious consumer. Your work and advice is really appreciated!

I am on the hunt for a great cooler that will keep our stuff cold for a couple of days. After lots of research of the likes of Pelican, Yeti, and Bison, I came to realize that the stuff that keeps the ice frozen for so long is polyurethane foam insulation! This worried me, but THEN I found out that’s what is in our fridges.

Is this safe? The coolers are listed as having polypropylene shells (I am assuming that is the same plastic used for fridges) – does polypropelyne do a good job of containing VOCs within the walls of the cooler or fridge?

Also, Pelican soft coolers are made with double-coated 840D TPU; Yeti soft coolers are made of ColdCell™ foam insulation with EVA foam bottom – what are your thoughts on this regarding being so close to food etc.?

I’d love your input on this because I have done exhaustive research and can’t seem to find out anything!


Debra’s Answer

First of all, polyurethane foam isn’t a problem in coolers and refrigerators because it’s enclosed. As long as it’s sealed up inside something else, the fumes won’t get through.

The polypropylene shell is also fine. Polypropylene is one of the least toxic plastics. It’s used to make food storage containers. So I’m not really worried about that.

Now you asked if polypropylene would block VOCs. Great question. Here’s an interesting paper called Guidance on the Use of Plastic Membranes as VOC Vapor Barriers. But in a cooler you’re talking about a thick piece of plastic, not a membrane. That think piece would certainly block the VOCs.

Again, with refrigerators, the plastic would be thick enough to block VOCs. Here are the plastics used on the inside of your refrigerator:

Tough, impact- and corrosion-resistant plastics such as ABS, high impact polystyrene and polypropylene are used to create molded interior panels and door liners that help maximize usable space. Molded-in color means there is no paint or coating to peel over time. These panels are also moisture resistant, which helps them repel spills and stains. For clear drawers and compartment doors, polystyrene, polycarbonate and acrylic are the resins of choice, with durable polycarbonate often chosen for frequently used doors and compartments.

— Plastics and the Modern Refrigerator

Thanks for asking this question. I didn’t know polycarbonate was used to make those crisper drawers. That’s the plastic with BPA.

TPU and EVA are both pretty nontoxic plastics. I’m not concerned about them.

As long and we’re on the subject, here are some links for insulating bags.

Here is a link to one similar to one I use and love. It has no outgassing. It’s a foil-lined cloth bag I purchased at my local natural food store.

You could use several inside each other for more insulation.

Also look at this cooler bag:

And here’s an article about how to keep your food cool without electricity:

Readers, what do you use to keep your food cold?

Add Comment

Affordable Organic Clothing for Plus Size Women

Oversized Linen Tunic Dress


Question from Marcella

Hi Debra,

I need your assistance to find affordable organic toxic free clothing but for Plus Size Women. If possible, I prefer a local store in my area where I can go to try them on. I live in Carson, CA in the Los Angeles County near San Pedro which is the Port of Los Angeles. If not, then online is the next best thing. In general, I wear size 1X in tops and 14W or 16W for pants/shorts.

I just want to be able to find clothing that is stylish yet within my budget so I do not break my bank account. I am not looking for clothes that makes one look like a hoochie mama or an old lady before my time. When it comes to clothes, I am very conservative yet fashionable.

I do not know if you have seen/read the link below on the internet. This lady hit it right on the nose when it came to shopping for organic plus size clothing for women. She understands my frustration completely.

Debra’s Answer

As a plus size woman myself, I agree this blogger has hit it right on the nose. And I found another such post at

I am fortunate that my work-at-home lifestyle allows me to wear cotton tank tops and cotton capri pants most of the year here in Florida. I’ll admit that I have a drawer of neutral color pants and a drawer of colorful tank tops and my fashion choice go as far as pulling a pair of pants out of one drawer and a top out of the other and I’m dressed for the day.

But I do love fashion and used to be quite fashionable before I gave up all the synthetic fabrics to go natural.

I’ve been able to find cotton clothing in my size, and linen clothing too, just at department stores and even at places like TJMaxx and Ross Dress for Less. But it’s getting more and more difficult. I’m thinking about making my clothes or hiring someone to make them or even designing and selling my own line of clothing.

The blog mentioned by the reader lists some websites that have plus clothing. I went through the list and unfortunately I could only agree with three: Eileen Fisher ($$$ and sold only at fine department stores), Rawganique (already on Debra’s List) and Gaia Conceptions (which I’m adding to Debra’s List right now).

Check out the Clothing page on Debra’s List. You can search the page for “plus” and find the listings that have plus sizes. I’ve added a few new post for plus size natural fiber clothing that I found today.

And please let me know any plus size websites you find that you like so I can add them.

Just a comment…as I am looking though a number of websites on these “natural fiber plus size” lists, I’m seeing that what they think are natural fibers and I think are natural fibers are two different things. I think natural fibers are cotton, linen, silk, wool and other “whole” fibers. They think natural fibers are tercel, rayon, and other manufacurered items, or natural fibers mixed with spandex, polyester and other synthetics. So be sure to find the actual fabric content and check it out. Don’t assume “natural” is actually natural on clothing sites.

Add Comment

Need Wood Ceiling Fan Blades

Question from Marcia

Hi Debra,

I am living with three chronic illneses. One being severe scoliosis and it’s hard to breathe. Must have real wooden blades. Please help find economic one.

Thank you.

Debra’s Answer

Readers, do any of you know of actual wood blades for ceiling fans?

All the “wood” blades I found were fake.

Marcia if you can’t find them ready made, ask a handyman to make some for you. That shouldn’t be expensive.

Add Comment

Hemp Beds?

Batting made from hemp


Question from Therese

Hi Debra,

Super big thanks for all your good, thorough research and reporting.

Do you have any info about hemp beds? Conventionally made beds with foam give me headaches and I’m very sensitive/allergic to organic cotton fibers. (skin was on fire after lying down on organic cotton beds in showroom)

My instincts are telling me hemp could be a good option but I need good info in order to proceed.

Thank you!

Debra’s Answer

Like this?

100% Hemp inside and out.

Add Comment

Phthalates in Mac and Cheese Made With Powdered Cheese Higher Than Natural Cheese


This is exactly why you need to eat real fresh food, from the farm or garden to your plate.

Phthalates are potentially harmful chemicals. Three phthalates (DEHP, DBP, and BBP) were banned from children’s products in 2008. The most recent 2015 phthalate regulations call for banning additional phthalates (DINP, DIBP, DnPP, DnHP and DCHP).

In 2014 a report to the Consumer Product Safety Commission concluded that food—not plastic children’s products—is the primary exposure to plastics.

Now a new study has found phthalates in all but one of 30 packaged mac and cheese mixes made with powdered cheese.

Most relevant compounds within the sample set were DEP, DiBP**, DnBP, and DEHP*, with a prevalence ranging from 63 to 92 %. DAP and DCHP were never found above the LOQ, and DMP only in 2 samples. Prevalence of DnHP, BBP*, DNOP, DiDP/DPHP and DiNP** ranged between 12 and 22 %.

* banned from children’s products in 2008
** recommended for ban in 2015

The major findings are:

  1. Phthalates were detected in nearly every cheese product tested (29 of 30 varieties). The testing identified ten different phthalates in all, with up to six in a single product;
  2. Average phthalate levels were more than four times higher in macaroni and cheese powder samples than in hard blocks & other natural cheese, in fat of products tested;
  3. DEHP, the most widely restricted phthalate, was found more often and at a much higher average concentration than any other phthalate, among all the cheese products tested.

To me, this clearly shows that processing adds toxic chemicals to foods. And the more highly processes foods contain more toxic chemicals.

This applies to organic foods too. They didn’t give the brands tested, but it doesn’t matter if you buy organic mac and cheese with powdered cheese in a box. It’s the processing of the cheese that adds the phthalates.

NEW YORK TIMES: The Chemicals in Your Mac and Cheese

US CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION: Chronic Hazards Advisory Panel on Phthalates and Phthalate Alternatives

KLEAN UP KRAFT: Testing Finds Industrial Chemical Phthalates in Cheese

VITO: Analysis of selected phthalates in food samples

Add Comment

Are Wireless Devices Safe in “Airplane Mode”?

Question from Cheryl

Hi Debra,

I’ve do not believe I suffer from any EMF sensitivity, I’m just wondering about long term possible effects of the following.

I know you said you’re not an expert in EMFs but I was hoping to get your take on this:

I’m very close to buying a camera that has Wireless & NFC capacities but it has an airplane mode which turns off all wireless functions. I’ve read that, in general, airplane mode on devices is safe, however, there may be radio waves still active.

Occasionally, I will have this close to my head. I’m checking to see if I can keep the camera in airplane mode all the time. If I can, would you think that’s reasonably safe? Thank you for all the help you provide.

Debra’s Answer

Airplane mode is a setting on cell phones, smartphones and other mobile devices that prevents the device from sending or receiving calls and text messages.

It’s certainly safER than having the wireless on, but as you said, radio waves still may be present.

In today’s world we are constantly being bombarded with EMFs. The key thing is they are strongest the closer the source is to your body. So EMFs originating from miles away would be less dangerous than those originating an inch from your head.

That’s about all I can say about this.

Add Comment

“Vast Amounts” of Toxic Mercury Accumulating in Arctic Tundra


Scientists have long been reporting high levels of mercury pollution in the Arctic.

But now a new study reports identifies gaseous mercury in the air as the major source. It gathers in the Arctic tundra, then moves into the soil, and from there into waterways.

If so much mercury is moving from industrial nations to uninhabited arctic areas, this news begs the question: how much mercury are WE being exposed to from the environment on a daily basis?

ENVIRONMENTAL NEW NETWORK: Study Finds Toxic Mercury is Accumulating in the Arctic Tundra


MOMS CLEAN AIR FORCE: How Mercury Poisoning Works


RODALE WELLNESS: The 5 Biggest Sources of Mercury Pollution

Add Comment

Get Out and Sweat This Summer—It Will Remove Toxics From Your Body


GreenMedInfo has been tracking studies that show the effectiveness of sweating to remove toxic chemicals from the body.

Ordinarily you would need to sit in a sauna to sweat, but it’s summer. Go outside. Sweat is sweat. It’s good for you.

GREEN MED INFO: 4 Reasons to Break a Sweat (Solvents, Phthalates, Metals, BPA

GREEN MED INFO: Research Confirms Sweating Detoxifies Dangerous Metals, Petrochemicals] (Metals)

GREEN MED INFO: Confirmed: Sweating Removes Deadly Chemicals From The Body (Flame Retardants)

Add Comment

Wool for Building Insulation

Question from Joanna

Hi Debra,

I’m building an addition to my home and I’m looking for the safest insulation.

I found this insulation that is basically sheep’s wool.

What do you think of this?

Havelock Wool

Debra’s Answer

I love it!

I love wool anything.

About twenty years ago I was remodeling the kitchen of my little-cabi- in-the-woods in Northern California and when I pulled the interior walls off, it was full of newspaper from 1930!

I needed something for insulation and I thought of sheep’s wool.

I just drove up to Shepherd’s Dream (which at the time was about an hour’s drive north of where I lived) and got the same organic wool that was stuffed in my mattress. It was perfect. And it just felt good to know I had wool in my walls. Like my house was cuddling me and keeping me warm.

This wool insulation looks fine to me. I’ve seen some others that mix wool with various other materials but Havelock Wool is 100% wool (with a small amount of natural boric acid added as an insect repellant). Their wool is sourced in New Zealand where sheep roam pastoral lands and eat grass in serene settings. It is blended and washed there before being shipped to their manufacturing facility in Nevada where they make both loose-fill and batt form insulation. 

Here are some of the benefits they list on their website:

  • ALL NATURAL – Wool insulation is entirely renewable and sustainable
  • MOISTURE CONTROL – Wool naturally manages moisture levels against 65% relative humidity
  • FIRE RESISTANT – Wool is inherently known to extinguish after smoldering
  • LONG LASTING – Extensive useful life
  • NO HARMFUL CHEMICALS – Natural characteristics allow our insulation to be devoid of harmful chemicals
  • NOISE REDUCTION – Wool creates acoustic advantages in minimizing airborne sound
  • DISPOSAL – Wool insulation can be composted at the end of an extended useful life
  • INSTALLATION – Blow-in and batts are installed like other mediums but with no protection required

I’m happy to see this product available. It’s a totally natural, renewable biodegradable alternative to toxic insulation materials.

Add Comment

Safe Heating Pad


Question from Mari

Hi Debra,

What is a safe heating pad?

Debra’s Answer

Actually in all these years I’ve never researched this question. You are the first person who has asked and I don’t even own a heating pad.

The basic problem with a heating pad (and electric blankets) is it emits exceptionally high levels of EMFs.

And the heat makes whatever materials used to make it offgas more than if the pad was not heated. Here’s an interesting video that disassembles an electric heating pad. It looks like it’s made of some plastic-covered heating elements with adhesive sewn into some padding (I’m guessing synthetic) with a couple of cotton flannel covers.

So I’m thinking we’re not going to find an electric heating pad I could recommend.

You can make your own heating pad by filing a large sock (preferably cotton or wool) with rice. Instructions say “heat in a microwave for two minutes” but I don’t have a microwave.

Here are some instructions for heating your rice sock in the oven:

1. Heat oven to 350 degrees and then turn it OFF.
2. Place heat pad in a CLEAN baking pan or cookie sheet and spread it out flat.
3. Place in turned OFF oven for about 30 minutes.

You can also purchase hot packs filled with all kinds of natural materials such as buckwheat hulls, hemp seeds, and others.

In times past the hot water bottle were widely used. Today they are made from rubber, but there’s no reason you can’t fill a glass bottle with hot or warm water and wrap it in a towel to provide heat (think warming your hands on a cup of hot coffee or hot tea on a cold winter day).

Readers? Any other suggestions?

Add Comment

Page 1 of 40412345...102030...Last »

Google translate

MadMimi form

Submit Question


Restoration Project

Q&A RESTORATION PROJECT While moving the Q&A to the new site, I lost all the category tags, so there are no categories here yet. However, you can use the search function at the right end of the navigation menu at the top of the page to search the Q&A for what you are looking for.